• Each year, 780,000 Americans suffer a stroke.
  • 600,000 of these are new strokes.*
  • Stroke is the third largest cause of death in the U.S.
  • Stroke is the primary cause of permanent, long-term disability
  • Blacks have almost twice the risk of first-ever stroke compared with whites*
  • Hispanics and other minorities have 1-1/2 times the risk of first ever stroke as compared to whites*
  • As of 2005, 89,000 Marylanders have had a stroke and almost 2500 people died of stroke**
  • Eighty-seven percent of strokes are ischemic, generated by blood-clots in the brain***
  • Thirteen percent of strokes are hemorrhagic, caused by bleeding in the brain***
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases stroke risk by a factor of four****
  • The risk of ischemic stroke in smokers is about double that of non-smokers*
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) is a stroke with symptoms that dissipate.
  • Nearly 25% of all patients who experience TIAs will die within one year.*

Notes

* Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics, 2008 Update, American Heart Association

** American Heart Association / American Stroke Association Maryland Fact Sheet, 2005 data.

*** National Institutes of Health

**** National Stroke Association Stroke Prevention Guidelines 1998