-Any disease or condition that affects
or damages the heart or blood
– Sometimes doctors or other health
care professionals use the word
“cardiovascular” to describe a
number of diseases and conditions
that affect the heart
What causes Heart Disease?
High blood pressure
High blood cholesterol
Drinking too much alcohol
A previous heart attack or stroke
➤ Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck,
➤ Feeling weak, light-headed, or faint.
➤ Chest pain or discomfort.
➤ Pain or discomfort in arms or
➤ Shortness of breath.
Treatments for Heart Attack
➤ Coronary angioplasty and stenting: This
procedure opens blocked coronary arteries
allowing the blood to flow more freely to the
➤ Coronary artery bypass surgery: In this
procedure a graft is created to bypass
blocked coronary arteries using a vessel
from another part of the body.
CAUSES OF HEART FAILURE
Narrow or blocked blood vessels near the heart.
Damaged or infected heart valves.
Defects of the heart from birth.
Serious lung infection.
High blood pressure or diabetes.
WARNING SIGNS OF HEART FAILURE
Swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, and abdomen
➤ Pain in the abdomen.
➤ Sudden weight gain
➤ Shortness of breath when you are active, and while resting, and
➤ Trouble sleeping
➤ Weakness or tiring very easily.
➤ Confusion or can’t think clearly.
➤ Repeated, dry cough, especially when they are lying down.
➤ Coughing or wheezing when active.
➤ Cough up pink or bloody mucus.
➤ Lack of appetite or nausea.
Follow a low-sodium and low-fat eating plan.
➤ Get regular, mild physical activity.
➤ Stop smoking.
➤ If overweight, lose weight.
➤ Avoid drinking alcohol.
➤ Manage stress.
➤ Avoid wearing tight socks and stocking that
could cause blood clots.
RISK FACTORS FOR AFIB
➤ Heart failure.
➤ High blood pressure.
➤ Heart attack.
➤ Coronary artery disease.
A racing or irregular heartbeat.
Chest discomfort or pain, or
palpitations — a “ flopping” sensation
in the chest.
Lightheadedness or dizziness.
Shortness of breath.
Find out if you have Atrial Fibrillation – a type of irregular heartbeat. If left untreated, AF can increase stroke risk four to six times.
If you smoke, stop. Smoking doubles stroke risk.
Ask your doctor if you have circulation problems which increase your risk for stroke.